More Louise Little – Less Malcolm X

It’s been annoying me that Louise Little’s (Malcolm X’s mother) life is so sparsely documented.

But what can I expect, she was a woman, a black woman, and a woman locked away for insanity for over twenty years, when the limited evidence would point to some kind of post-natal psychosis that these days may have been treated and resolved far, far more quickly.

Her political activism is recorded as a supplement to that of her husband’s – Earl Little. Her resistance to the Klu Klux Klan a matter of a few words only. Earl was killed in 1931 and Louise brought up her children for nearly eight years until in 1938 she gave birth to an eighth child and was subsequently committed to a mental institution. She was about my age: 41. It is noted in some places that, before she was committed, Malcolm had already been removed from her care by the authorities, aged 13, on account of his stealing. He was placed with a white couple known to his mother who fostered him.

So Louise Little, born in Grenada to a black mother and a white father (the result of a possibly consensual relationship, but very possibly not), the second wife of Earl Little, mother to eight children the fourth being Malcolm X is reduced to a sentence or two in the Kingdom of Google.

This is how she was summarised after her husband’s death in one online document:

“Unable to cope with the financial and emotional demands of single parenthood, she was placed in a mental institution, and the children were sent to separate foster homes.”

Seven children, for seven years, plus an eighth child and no damn money and she was ‘unable to cope’? How diminished do you want her footnote in history to be?

To be continued… Any flesh on the bones welcomed. So far, these are the discrepancies I can find. Her father was Scottish, or English. She was committed for 24 years or for 26. Her husband was murdered or not. Her will was broken by the State, or she just plain lost the plot.

This is the record of her life:-
Louise Helen Norton, b. La Digue, St. Andrew, Grenada 1897, d. 1991.

What Louise might have said or thought, when her son Malcom was shot dead in 1965, twenty-six years before her own death, does not seem to merit any mention.

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Posted on June 13, 2011, in Be not idle, Politics, Radio and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink. 85 Comments.

  1. I’m interested to know how she resisted the Klu Klux Klan. Didn’t they just murder black people as a matter of course

  2. She just went out front and faced them down.

  3. Mannings detailed biography is a little more detailed about her, but leaves it with Malcolm having tea with her, when she is out of the institution. Hmm, there are other siblings? She must have gone somewhere?

  4. I am the daughter of Louise Little’s baby daughter Yvonne. There is a remarkable story that has not been told about the Little family beyond the Autobiography of Malcolm X; how their mother was taken away; what happened to the siblings; what happened to her?

    • Welcome Deborah 🙂

    • Hi Deborah I just watch the movie of Malcolm x for the first time ,and like you said there is more a out the little family than meets the eye,I would love to read more on the family I was a bit curious about the rest of family sibling etc because there was no mention about them

    • Evening, My name is Molefi Hopkin related to Mary Hopkin nee Williams, from Grenada, who is the supposed cousin of Louise Langdon nee Norton. I am College student who is diligently seeking out his family genealogy and I was just wondering if you have any knowledge of this relationship between the Williams and the Norton/ Langdons in Grenada.

      • Hi Molefi Hopkin, thank you for your comment. I haven’t come up against any Williams yet, but, now I know I am looking I will see what turns up. The records for Grenada are pretty hard to come by unless you visit the island. That’s in the pipeline…

      • I think you should check the Anglican Church in Grenville. The records are not in the best condition.

    • Hi. I am researching into Samuel Langdon – the maternal grandfather of Louise Little. Does anyone have any information on him?

      • hi Shantelle – I’ve been to your blog and your PhD looks amazing! I made a trip to the US for research earlier this year but Grenada is next on the list… I don’t have much at all on Samuel although I haven’t completed (does that ever happen?) the research for that part of the project. Really envious of 4 months over there (in a good way). Your work sounds fascinating and important – I am going to subscribe to your blog feed. Best wishes, Jessica

    • Hi Deborah,
      I Notice your grand mother was Louise LANGDON Norton Little. I’m a Langdon, also of Grenadian heritage, but my Grandfather who’s Langdon is from martinique. I’m trying to locate my family back there and was wondering if there’s any connection?

    • Greetings. My name is Erik S. McDuffie. I am an associate professor in African American Studies and History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. I am writing a book on Garveyism in the Midwest. Louise Little is an important subject of my study. I would be honored to speak with you. I can be contacted by email at emcduffi@illinois.edu. Thank you in advance for your consideration.

      Erik McDuffie

    • Deborah – I was just reading the illustrated book “Malcolm Little,” by your cousin Ilyasah – she mentions you in the author’s note as a great source of information. Thank you for sharing!

    • I’d love to hear her life story in its entirety! Extremely interested.

  5. I am from the Caribbean and would like to know how much of her Caribbean identity impacted Malcolm’s life. I actually lived in Grenada for a year I am from another Caribbean island. Louis Farrakhan is also of Caribbean origin, Nevis I believe.

    • Hi Jennifer, thank you for commenting. I would be interested to hear about Grenada and how you found it as a place and whether there is any awareness of Louise over there?

      I have only been to Jamaica and the Dominican Republic which are much larger islands and I have not got a sense of how it feels to live on one of the smaller islands (other than my late father-in-law’s reminiscences about Dominica).

      I know that Louise used to subscribe to a Caribbean newspaper and read it to her children when they were growing up in the US, so there is a definite connection to the Caribbean that she kept going for her family. It’s an interesting question you raise, and one I am going to keep in mind. Many thanks and please feel free to drop by again! 🙂

  6. malcom x my second cousin

    • Welcome to the blog Kello.

    • Hi Kello. Do you know a Terrance Wilson? He lives near Grenville, but is a 3rd cousin of Malcolm X. Also, do you know anything about Jupiter/Samuel Langdon – Louise’s grandfather? Any memories in the family?

  7. i am grenadian and never knew that we had a connection to malcom x.Thanks for the info!would relly like to learn more!

  8. Good day, perhaps Grenadian Historian Mr. Caldwell Taylor can assist. Please inbox at eventobepr@gmail.com and I will provide his contact info.

  9. My family are from Grenville Grenada. Louise Little was born in the same year as my Grandfather no more than 15 or so minutes walk from La Digue. I just want to know if i’m related to brother Malcolm! Because that’s what i tell everyone 🙂

    • My great grandfather was Louise norton brother on my mother side, born from the white land owner, not consented sex.

      • Thank you for your comment Leyion Charles. I have sent you an email to follow up.

      • Leyion, do you know the full name of the “white land owner”?

        Thanks!

      • Dear Mr. Charles:

        Greetings. My name is Erik McDuffie. I am an associate professor in African American Studies and History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA). I am writing a book on Garveyism in the American Midwest. Louise Little is one of my main subjects. I would be delighted to speak with you more about her life and early years in Grenada. I can be reached by email at emcduffi@illinois.edu. Thank you in advance for your consideration.

        Erik McDuffie, Ph.D.

    • wow 9 times out 10 you are thatś very special i go to kipp academy in baltimore,maryland!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!because i am really related to brother malcolm cause i took the dna testing results they said im positively his cousin

  10. i am a Grenadian name Glendolyn thank you for your information, it,s a small world after all.

    • Welcome Shawn and Glendolyn – it’s lovely to have Grenadians talking about Louise Norton Little! Any anecdotes or information gladly received 🙂

  11. We as Caribbean women should this time to do these herstories. Forget about the “they” -there should be a more aggressive approach taken by women writiers and journalist to put these phenomenal women’s lives on the front burner

  12. I came across this post by googling Louise Little. I recently began reading more about Malcolm X and I was also curious about his mother. Please keep sharing what you find.

  13. Hi I came across this while googling around myself for more on Louise Little/Norton. I have sometimes tried to imagine what Montreal was like when she met Earl Little, what it was like for him, too. Also Omaha. I haven’t read all the comments or your posts but you might like Hilton Als’ book, “The Women” – the first chapter is largely about Louise (and Als’ own mother) and the book as a whole is one of the best.

    What is the artwork accompanying this post – the painting of the woman w/ vanish drop-ins and all the other stuff?

  14. I agree with this article. Was doing a quick search to see what I could find out about her….very little. She was stuck in Kalamazoo for 24 years until the kids grew up and secured her release. She had almost remarried until she got pregnant with the man’s kid and he abandoned her (which is weird).

  15. My daughter has been trying to research her great, great, grandfather. Her great grandmother’s last name was also Norton. She too wondered if she might be related to Malcolm through the Norton man. We found so far that there was an Edwin Norton ( an Englishman ), who left Grenada back to England in 1905. It’s interesting to note that Louise and great, great grandmother were both from La Digue. We assumed that he must have impregnated both mothers, who may have been his house servants at the age of about 15, so they could have been half sisters.

    The Norton man was married and when he left Grenada he donated property to the Catholic church.. called Norton Hall. He also must have donated a tidy sum to the Hospital in St. Georges as there is a ward named after him.

    Would certainly like to get any info re Louise. My daughter lives in N.Y and will on Thursday meet with the Mormons to get anything she can from them.

    • hi Judith, thank you for your comment. I have sent you an email with my contacts.

    • Msspiceisland

      All this I’m reading is very interesting. I must say it’s a small world after all. I was reflecting on all this kaos going on with racism and what will malcom x , Dr king say. With me a na naturalized immigrant born semi raised in Grenada and the us. Came to usa as a teen and studied black history. Did learn of Malcolm x and his mother being a grenadaian and always wondered why nothing much was said of his mother. now after reading these poposts there is some truth to some of these things. I do remember as a kid there was a ward in general hospital by the name Norton’s ward as my parents would go visit the sick. And as I do have relatives that are nurses.these things are Interesting.we need to educate about our heritage.sure a lot of grenadians don’t know that connection.

  16. makemeadiva, do you know where Louise Little is buried? I cannot find one web site that tell us that. Was she buried in an unmarked grave?

    • Hi Selwyn, welcome to the blog. I have come across your surname before in relation to Grenada, so I’m guessing you have some connection to the island. Anyway, to answer your question I’ll shoot an email over to you. Best wishes

  17. I just wondered if Selwyn shares the same surname as an clergyman from Grenada?

  18. Louise Helen Norton Little is truly my all-time hero. After reading “The Autobiography of Malcolm X” a few years ago and now my all-time favorite book, I found a strong love and admiration for Louise. The thoughts of her are continually on my mind, especially as I go through my own trials. As I spend time studying more on Louise and ‘Malcolm X’, my frustration and desire for justice for them and their family grows stronger and stronger. History truly and absolutely can bring about a better world and we need each other to never quit and to help find justice together. I’m but no one in this world with a small voice but I strongly plead for justice for all. “It is so important for you and me to spend time today learning something about the past so that we can better understand the present, analyze it and then do something about it.” – Malcolm X

    • Hi J, thank you for your comment. I am busy working on a Louise Little project and yes, I do believe justice is long overdue. Whether or not it will be forthcoming in its entirety, I don’t know. Like you I am just a small voice, but at least I have one, and like you I intend to use it. History truly is our best teacher.

      • How is your research going? I am just stumbling across this now after trying to do research on Louise Little myself. Thanks for all of your hard work!

      • Thank you for your comment Amanda. All I can say at the moment is watch this space and, in the meantime, good luck with your own blog. All best wishes.

  19. Reblogged this on sdotjonzy and commented:
    Here’s a bit on Great Grandma

  20. Greetings to all, I am Louise’s Great Grandson, Steve Jones Jr. I love what you all are doing here. Makemeadiva, Thank You (bows down) : ) and thank you to everyone supporting and creating this blog you all are a blessing. Keep it up! From one family member to another Let’s Stay Connected. I’m doing research about my genealogy and would like to know more about my grenadine family as well. I’m also interested to know if a documentary could even be made in honor of Great Grandma? I have a few memories myself of great grandma in her rocking chair smiling, just wanted to share that with you all. The Louise I knew had a smile, and a great one…..

    Brother

  21. To Whom It May Concern:

    Greetings. My name is Erik McDuffie. I am an associate professor in African American Studies and History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA). I am writing a book on Garveyism in the American Midwest. Louise Little is one of my main subjects.

    I must be honest to note that I stumbled upon this blog. However, I am thrilled that I found it!
    I would be delighted to speak with anyone who is a family member of or knows someone who was acquinted more about her life and early years in Grenada. I should note that my current project is very much informed by my family history. I am originally from Detroit, MI, and my great grandmother was from St. Kitts. Her daughter–my maternal great aunt who is still alive–knew Malcolm X in Detroit in the early 1940s when he was “Detroit Red.” In this book I intend to highlight the importance of Louise Little of nurturing the black radical thought and activism of her famous son and to emphasize her brilliance as a thinker and activist committed to Garveyism and Pan-Africanism.

    I can be reached by email at emcduffi@illinois.edu. I hope to hear from someone soon. Thank you in advance for your consideration.

    Erik McDuffie, Ph.D.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA)

  22. Hello… I too came across your blog while digging for more information on Louise Little. But the more I find the more questions I have. How is it possible that the mother of such a powerful historical figure could live 94 years with little to nothing being written about her?I dont even remember her death being “news” in 1991. What about her relationships with her children after being released from the hospital? What about her grandchildren and great grandchildren? Surely SOMEONE has some great stories to tell about this amazing woman! I also find it odd that I could find no modern day pictures of her, no census records past 1930, no NOTHING! Is there an obituary somewhere?! So many questions with silence as the answer…. I just dont understand. But I am excited to see someone doing a “project” on her and hopefully some of my questions will be answered… She deserves for her voice to be heard….even in death!

  23. Reblogged this on Ife's Island and commented:
    I came across this blog while digging for more information on Louise Little. But the more I find the more questions I have. How is it possible that the mother of such a powerful historical figure could live 94 years (until 1991) with little to nothing being written about her? I dont even remember her death being “news” in 1991. What about her relationships with her children after being released from the hospital? What about her grandchildren and great grandchildren? Surely SOMEONE has some great stories to tell about this amazing woman! I also find it odd that I could find no modern day pictures of her, no census records past 1930, no NOTHING! Is there an obituary somewhere?! So many questions with silence as the answer…. I just dont understand. But I am excited to see someone doing a “project” on her and hopefully some of my questions will be answered… She deserves for her voice to be heard….even in death!

  24. I am a Langdon from Grenada, not too far from La Digue where Louise was from. I just assumed that we were related although I do not have any proof. I would definitely be nice to know more.

  25. Perhaps I can help. By focusing on why Louise Norton came to Canada in the first place, some new clues might emerge. Louise was a seamstress and like most immigrants, left her home for something better and like most immigrants, set off to where other family preceded her.

    In Louise’s case, it helps to focus on her Uncle, Egerton Langdon; a carpenter by trade who was born in Grenada about 1879. He left Grenada in March/April 1913 and arrived via Hamilton, Bermuda at the port of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada aboard the “Ocamo” on 19 Apr 1913. Marital status unknown but appears to be travelling alone. Final destination was Montreal, which was likely taken by train where he intended to find work as a carpenter.

    In Aug 1913, Egerton attempted to enter the US and was rejected. He appealed on 11 Aug 1913 and had his case dismissed on 27? Aug 1913, returning to Montreal from St. Albans, VT. His intended destination was Pennsylvania. On that manifest, Egerton lists his mother as Mary Jane.of Grenada.

    On 12 Sep 1920, Egerton returned to Grenada from Montreal, via Halifax to visit family. He Returned to Montreal on a 1st Class ticket, listed as a Widow, aboard the “Chaleur” on 26 Feb 1921. Stated intent was “to resume my employment” and carried $350. He also listed his nearest relative in Grenada as “Miss Gertrude Orgias (sister)” of La Digue. Could this be Louise Norton’s mother?

    In Oct 1949, Egerton Langdon returned home. He arrived in Boston on 09 Oct 1949 aboard the RMS “Lady Nelson” from Montreal and had a Second Class ticket for Grenada. Listed as 70 years old and married though travelling alone.

    (Continued in next post…)

  26. (Continued…)

    Louise Norton left Grenada in Jun 1917 and arrived at the port of Saint John, New Brunswick via Bermuda on 26 Jun 1917. Single and travelling alone, her stated occupation was “Seamstress” with final destination to be Montreal, Quebec. Contact in Montreal is listed as Uncle ? Langdon.

    Rev. Early Little was listed as married when he crossed into Windsor, Ontario from Detroit on 22 Apr 1919. Final destination was Montreal. Just 18 days later on 10 May 1919, Early Little married Louise Norton at a Baptist Church in Montreal, declaring himself a Widower. Groom’s parents listed as “John Little and Ella Graves”. Brides parents listed as “JOHN NORTON and ELLA LANGDON”. Witnesses: E. Langdon and Johnathan Davis. By 1920, Early & Louise Little were living in Pennsylvania.

    For those wondering who the white landowner was to further the research, there we have it. Was there a John Norton who owned or had family that owned land around La Digue circa 1897?

    The question I have is whether Ella and Gertrude are one and the same or sisters. Anyway, I hope this research helps.

    Cheers.

    • Hi Jamie, thank you for sharing your work. You are on the same track as myself, but I don’t think I had seen the 1949 trip you mention. Perhaps you wouldn’t mind too much if I shoot you an email? I could use the one that is attached to your comment?

      Best wishes

      • Please do. I was very surprised to discover so little was known about Louise Norton, even after there was historical reasons to take notice of her life and heritage, long before she passed and certainly since. It’s a real shame, especially for Grenada to not take an interest, if only as a point of pride.

    • Erik S McDuffie

      Dear Ms. Cameron (and all): Greetings! My name is Erik McDuffie. I am an associate professor in African American Studies and History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA). Perhaps you saw my post from Nov 2013 to this brilliant blog. I am writing a book on Garveyism in the Midwest. Louise Langdon Norton Little and her family are key subjects of my new study. I was intrigued with your post and the voluminous information you provided about Louise Little and her uncle Egerton Langdon. Any information about where you found this information would be most appreciated.

      I will be in Grenada from Friday, January 9-Saturday, January 17, 2015. I will be staying at Jenny’s Place. I’m not sure if you are based in Grenada. If so, I would be delighted to meet with you–or with anyone–who has any information about Louise Little and her amazing family. I’m happy to share what I’ve learned about the Littles and Langdons.

      I can be reached by email at emcduffi@illinois.edu. I will post my local cell phone number after I arrive on the island. I look forward to my first visit to Grenada. I have family from St. Kitts. So I see my trip as a kind of homecoming. Thank you in advance for your consideration. Happy New Year to all!

      Erik S. McDuffie

  27. Hi Jamie,
    I’m really confused now! So far I’ve found three male English men with the Norton surname living in Grenada around that time Louise was born. Mr Edwin Norton who was a land owner and gave a lot of funds to Grenada to help with the hospital, schools etc. He had a son who travelled and lived with him in Grenada called Joseph Robert Norton. There is also another who lived in the St Andrews/St David area and was a clerk to Messrs Hankey & Co. Apparently from what I’ve read, Herbert we described as a ‘saggabowy’ -a playboy! I wonder where the name John has come from? This makes matters even more confusing! My great grand mother live in that same area, She too became pregnant and my Grand mother carries the name Norton also. We are trying to establish whether it is the same Mr Norton who got these girls pregnant at a very young age and left England soon after. I believe that Judith, Louise’s Mother was known as Judith Langton.

  28. My apologies. The above was written in a great hurry! Please disregard the name Judith Langdon. Judith popped into my head at the wrong time. I meant to write Gertrude, Gertrude Langdon. I don’t really want to complicate matters even further!!! I believe that Gertrude Langdon was Louise’s Mother. Interesting that both Groom and Bride’s mothers were Ella? Ella Graves and Ella Langdon Could this be a misprint? Not sure.

    All the best

  29. Brandy S. Miracle

    Thank you ! I have often wondered about this amazing woman as institutions were a way of disposing of women a century ago. Cps abused and continues to abuse minorities they are more likely to take their children and less likely to get them back. This woman is the mother of a historic figure and we know next to NOTHING … Yet she obviously was instrumental in creating an amazing man…. I would like to know more about her life after she was able to leave institutionalization.

  30. I wonder what the rest of her life was like after she was released from the asylum. Did she play a role in Malcolm’s life?

  31. I am so relieved to find that you, like me, are angry and disturbed by yet another Strong Woman (regardless of skin tone) diminished by HIStory. Astonishingly, Louise lived for 91 years. Louise lived for another 26 years following the death of her famous child. Yet, nobody, no HIStorian thought to ask and document HERstory – as you rightly point out. So, everything Louise could have told us, including memories of her parents, grandparents, possibly Earl’s parents too, have died with her. I’m SO annoyed – WHY didn’t anyone think to ask? Where was Louise for all those years following her release? I cannot find anything and have to wonder why Louise, seemingly, was not in the bosom of her family?

  32. Rest assured, she was in the end.

  33. I am confused at the level of anger regarding the lack of info on Malcolm X’s mother. Is she a true historical figure in her own right? If it were not for Malcolm’s fame would we even know or care about her story? I agree it would be very interesting and nice to have more info but its not as critical as your article implies. How many books have been written on MLK’s mother, or any other historical future’s mother? More Louise Litte less Malcolm X, really? I disagree.

    • Many will agree with you Aab. I am interested in what shapes people and their formative experiences I suppose. Also, I believe that Louise played a key role in linking her children, including Malcolm, with pan African thinking through Marcus Garvey and their rights to demand equality of opportunity with white folk. Maybe that’s not important to some – to me it is. Thank you for taking the time to comment 🙂

    • Any information we can attain about the lives and accomplishments of our forefathers is critical It helps us as people better understand ourselves This women in some ways influenced a great thinker. Any information we can attain regarding her is critical

  34. Hello, am very grateful to find this conversation! I am a researcher at McGill in Montreal, working on an article about Louise Langdon Little’s life and activism locally, beginning in 1917. I am looking for information that may be helpful, including more information about her early and later life. Would you be willing to share what you know? Thank you so much. Rachel

  35. Erik S McDuffie

    Dear colleagues:

    Greetings. This is Erik McDuffie of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA). I will return to Grenada to continue my research on Louise Norton Langdon Little. I would be delighted to meet and share information regarding Louise Little with anyone on the island.

    My mobile phone number is Grenada is 473-459-2764. I can be reached by email at emcduffi@illinois.edu. Thank you in advance for your consideration.

    Erik McDuffie

  36. Hi everyone,

    I too have been interested about finding out more about Malcolm’s mum. In this regard, I’ve found some helpful and lovely information from a wonderful book about Malcolm X (and his mum) entitled, “Ghosts in our Blood” by Jan Carew. Also, I think the book “Seventh Child” by Malcolm’s nephew, Rodnell Collins may also be useful in this regard.

    Kind Regards

  37. Hello Everyone!

    My name is Natalie St. Martin. I came across this blog while searching for Malcolm’s mother and it’s exactly what I was looking for. I’m working on my Family Tree right now so I may be able to get some answers here. Myself and the rest of my family were born in Trinidad but my paternal grandmother was born in Grenada. As far as I know she’s supposed to be cousins with Louise or her mother. Her name is LAURA TAITT (deceased) in Trinidad in 1942 due to the rupture of a brain aneurysm brought on by sneezing. I don’t know anything of her family there, however. she did have 2 children-sons while still living there before she and my grandfather got together, Their names are Eustace Code & Adolphus Lewis (deceased). She had 5 children in Trinidad who carry the Surname St. Martin…Leon (deceased), Emannuel. Irma (deceased in early teens), Cecil & Victor (my father).

    We also have family in Grenada who carry these Surnames: Mark, Comissiong, De Gale (sp), Wallcott, Edwards, Gilkes and there is a Barbadian connection as well. She also has a brother called Franky…not sure about sisters.

    If anyone can help me out on this it would be greatly appreciated!!! God bless you all…

    Warmest regards,
    Natalie (natalienp.stmartin@mail.com)

  38. In regards to Louise Little, search the records for the Kalamazoo Psychiatric Hospital, circa 1960 something. The location is Kalamazoo, Michigan. She was supposed to have been admitted around 1938 and released in 1965?

  39. Hey there my mother is veronica Langdon from Paradise st.Andrew’s in Grenada and my grand mother is Dean Langdon how can I find out if Mr.X family has any connection to them

    • Andre Morrison

      People should reach out to Ella Little’s(may she rip) son who can give a detailed account on his Mothers childhood . I doubt her father would abandoned a infant child especially if widowed and child left behind . Doubt that. Rondell P. Collins is his name . The reason I mention Ella Little is so research can be done on Earl’s first child and life prior to the meeting of Louise which would then give a better and accurate time line of when they met and resided . Just remember Malcolm is born in 1925 he was one Of the younger children .

  40. I have always wondered what happened to her after entering into the hospital

  41. Greetings! I was just wondering J Russell, did you find a publisher? Have you had a chance to visit the beautiful isle of spice ? I suggest you might want to visit the island soon. Many changes are happening. If you would like to see a taste of the old world an possibly what the place looked liked upon Brother Malcolms Mom left. I too am from the island of Grenada, the capital city and left at age 10! I do sometimes have many of questions that are answered as to be honest, our “old People” DID NOT talk much about their lives! My grandmother never told me a thing about herself and I was shocked to find out about your young years. It would be a pleasure to converse with you and to refer to my elder siblings for some guidance.

  42. I wrote some years ago and am still trying to find out about these Norton men! Is there any one in Grenada who is in a position to look up the birth certificate of Louise Norton, just to see what was entered. I suspect, because as some have it, that she was raped at a very young age, (as was my great grandmother, also by a Norton in the same area of Grenada, two years apart) her father’s name would not be entered on her certificate. I understand that it was illegal to enter the father’s name (or take the father’s name) unless the parents were married. As far as I can gather, and I stand to be corrected, there seemed to be three or even four Nortons in Grenada at the time of her birth. So, is it a matter of eliminating the Norton men until we find a possible person?

    • Erik McDuffie

      Hello. Good evening. Check my recently published article on Louise Little in the journal Women, Gender, and Families of Color for more information about her. Take care.

      Erik McDuffie

  43. Hi Erik. Thanks for your response. I am unable to find a way of reading the journal above. Have you a link that I can get to it? My great grandmothers history mirrors that of Louise Little and I am trying to find out if they may be half sisters. Without a birth certificate, this could be difficult and we may have to go on circumstantial evidence,perhaps?

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